17. WHERE TO APPLY
PURUSHARTHA AND WHERE TO RELY ON PRARABDHA ONLY
course, a parson gets only that which is destined in his Prarabdha.
To get a job or business in life is Prarabdha. You will get only that
type of higher or lower job or business which is destined in your Prarabdha.
But to carry on that job or business with efficiency, honesty and sincerity
requires Purushartha. You will get only that
much wealth which is destined in your Prarabdha, but to utilise it for
worship and wisdom instead of recklessly wasting it after wine and women
requires your present Purushartha.
has multifarious and numerous wants, desires, needs, requirements, likes
etc. in his life.
(1) He wants
material acquisitions like bungalows, furnished with costly furniture,
sofa sets, cots, etc., a car, gold, money, good food, clothes, radio,
TV, video etc. and what not. All these unlimited worldly materialistic
objects for easy and comfortable life for sense gratification are known,
in one word, as (ARTHA) Wealth.
he requires wife, children, relatives, friends, good health, capable
organs and senses etc. with whom he can enjoy his wealth. This 'desire
to enjoy' is called KAMA.
after being fully saturated by the above two (i) ARTHA-wealth and (ii)
enjoyment, he feels vacuum and then he desires to follow ethics - religion
by performing certain functions-say (YAJNA) sacrifice, giving alms,
donations etc., (TAPA) penance, going to pilgrimage etc. All these in
one word are known as (DHARMA) ethics.
(4) And ultimately
even after satisfying all his above wants, he will still feel lacking
and vacuum in life and then he will ardently crave for Moksha (liberation
cycle of birth and death).
the human wants, desires, likes, requirements etc. are categorised into
four categories in our scriptures as under:
(1 ) DHARMA
(wealth-unlimited worldly materialistic objects)
(enjoyment - Desire to enjoy wealth for sense gratification)
(Liberation-emancipation from the cycle of birth and death).
For (1 )
DHARMA and (4) MOKSHA, a man should always constantly do Purushartha
(efforts) and should never leave it to Prarabdha.
As for (2) ARTHA and (3) KAMA he should totally leave them to Prarabdha
as he is going to get only that much of wealth (ARTHA) and enjoyment
(KAMA) which is
destined in his Prarabdha (luck, fate, fortune) and nothing more in
spite of all his Purushartha (efforts).
due to the ignorance of this law of Karma he goes in the wrong direction
and ultimately he has to lose everything at the end of his life.
making any Purushartha (efforts) for (1) Dharma and (4) Moksha, he totally
neglects it or leaves it to Praradbha only. While for (2) Artha (wealth)
Kama (enjoyment), he strives all his nerves and makes strenuous efforts
(Purushartha) all throughout his life day and night and crazily hankers
after them even when he is not going to get anything more than that
is destined in his Prarabdha. Thus he fails in both the ways in life
by making efforts in opposite and wrong directions.
is given to acquire all these four : (1) Dharma, (2) Artha, (3) Kama
and (4) Moksha, in proper sequence.
and its scriptures are not against having Artha (wealth) and Kama (enjoyment
of wealth). A man is supposed to be and should be wealthy enough but
that wealth must be earned and accumulated only and only through the
medium of Dharma-ethics, through pious deeds and not by unethical crooked
means and sins. That is why Dharma is given number 1 (one) in the sequence
and wealth comes second. Wealth earned through the medium of Dharma
(ethics and pious deeds) will lead you to worship and wisdom. While
the wealth earned by unethical means and sins through crooked ways would
lead you to wine and women.
wealth acquired through the medium of Dharma he is permitted to enjoy
all the amenities of life and satisfy his KAMA, of course. within the
limits of Dharma. This
permission is given not to fall into the pit of passion and to indulge
and stoop into the enjoyment for sense gratification; but just to make
him realise that it is unsatiable and therefore he should try to overcome
it. Ultimately when he will realise the fruitlessness of enjoyment for
sense gratification which is insatiable immediately he will realise
the fruitfulness of Moksha. Consequently and subsequently he will renounce
and will turn his face for self-realization and liberation from the
cycle of birth and death i.e. MOKSHA which is the final target, the
ultimate goal and also the main purpose for which he is gracefully given
the human body by God.