Jnan (knowledge) means the
real knowledge and realization of one's own self as to who am I and
to know one's own self in reality which is the ultimate goal and the
noblest aspiration of mankind. All other worldly and earthly knowledge
of materialistic objects and subjects like Science, Physics, Chemistry,
History, Technology, Geology, Biology, Psychology, Physiology, Astrology,
Philosophy, Geography, Mathematics, Economics, Politics, languages and
all other faculties of all the universities of the whole world is only
called 'information' and not knowledge in the real sense of the term.
Informations are always changing every time while knowledge is eternal
Even if you can quote the
names of all the mountains of America, or all the rivers of India, or
the production figures of all the gold mines of Africa and Australia,
or the population figures of all the cities of Europe and Asia, or if
you can give eloquent speeches with comments on the constitutions of
all the countries of the world, or even if you are the Manager of the
World Bank, or the President of UNO - You are only a part of the encyclopedia
of information and not of 'Knowledge' and hence you cannot be called
Jnani in the real sense of the term unless you know your own original
eternal real self.
Jnani means the person who
has the knowledge of his own real eternal self and who has realised
as to originally and eternally who is he during all his past and present
births. He is known as Prabuddha (the awakened soul) and all his Sanchit
Karmas would be burnt in the fire of Knowledge (self-realization) as
soon as he is awakened.
For example, a man got a
very long dream between 1.00 to 1.30 a.m. (midnight) in which he committed
a murder. After a long trial in the dreamland criminal court for about
three years (of course between 1.00 to 1.30 a.m.) he was sentenced to
a rigorous imprisonment for 20 years and was sent to jail where he started
suffering terrible physical and mental torture. In such a treacherous
condition, according to the time span of dream life, about four years
elapsed (of course between 1.00 to 1.30 a.m.). One day the jailer, in
his furious temperament and rage started beating him with an iron rod
so mercilessly that blood started oozing on his back, and in a frightened
tone he screamed so loudly that his dream was broken and he woke up.
Immediately and instantaneously he became totally free from all punishments
and he found himself safely and quietly Iying actually in his soft bedding.
As soon as he realised his own original self that he is purely a pious,
innocent man and not a murderer, prisoner, his Sanchit unexpired imprisonment
of 16 years of his dream life was instantaneously totally wiped off
apd burnt in the knowledge of his original self. Now the jailer of the
dream world will never come to take him back to the dream jail for finishing
his Sanchit unexpired jail period of 16 years as it is already finished
and expired immediately when he awoke.
In the same way the present
worldly life span between your physical birth and death is also nothing
but a relatively long dream in which your pangs, pains and pleasures
are totally false and unreal (Mithya) just as those in your dreams.
You are in fact continuously dreaming your pains and pleasures in your
worldly life span and you are changing your dreams of happiness and
sufferings one after the other according to your past Sanchit Karmas
becoming ripe in due course of time in each worldly life span called
births in numerous different creeds.
When the dream starts, you
yourself are not newly born in that dream world and when that dream
is broken or ends, you yourself do not die in and from that dream land.
In the same way in this world when you get a new body, you yourself
are not newly born and when you leave your old body, you yourself do
not die. Thus there is no birth or death of your own original eternal
soul. Your old body goes to the grave and not you - your eternal immortal
self; you yourself continue eternally and changelessly in all your ever
changing different mortal bodies.
Life is real, life is earnest
And the grave is not its goal;
"Dust thou art to Dust returneth"
Was not spoken of the soul.
I slept and dreamt that life is beauty
I awoke and found that life is duty.
The ultimate duty of a human
being is to strive for realization and emancipation.